Traditionally, team-based projects required all members to be physically present in a specific location for a set period of time.
Global virtual teams embraces the concept that team members can engage in and deliver projects with limited or no direct physical interaction with other members, allowing multinational enterprises to draw on the widest talent pool available among their global employee base. Teams typically never meet face-to-face, and conduct all project work using VOIP technology and other virtual meeting applications, such as SharePoint.
Take for example, a multinational engineering firm seeking to develop a product, and assigns the relevant internationally located employees to complete the task as a global virtual team. The senior project manager is located in the firm’s London office, the project manager is in Shanghai and the project leader is located in Boston.